Tuesday, August 25, 2020

My Perception of Beauty free essay sample

I recall clearly my first genuine electrical jolt. Im six years of age and persuaded that expressive dance is excessively specialized. I lean toward chocolate. Out of nowhere, the brilliant evening light fills the mirror just thus, and for one second, I see a ballet dancer. Amazement races through me, and a ballet dancer turns into the most wonderful thing on the planet. I sharpen my ballet performer, in dream and practice, until she is faultless, with her nectar eyes, pink sugar legs, sucrose grin, and French vanilla skinâ€impossibly immaculate inside and out. Throughout the years, expressive dance lost its shine. It turned out to be unreasonably specialized for a 14-year-old. At the point when I left my time-concentrated move foundation in secondary school to seek after new interests, I hurried to the sparkle and threat of the cheerleading group. Tara was the best on the crew, a future chief. Her eyes seethed and sizzled the way ballerinas’ never did. Her lips shone, delicious like Eves. We will compose a custom exposition test on My Perception of Beauty or then again any comparative subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page At the point when she was overexcited she stammered and lost her words; her half-discourse was silver-mind blowing as any dreams. Her tearless letter to her adoration composed during cheer camp on the rear of a Twinkies box, an admission, a request, and a lesson across the board, is one of the most wonderful things Ive ever heard. I was enamored not by her qualities, however by her blemishes, her mankind, the savagery with which she bore her scars. The aroma she gave me smells like cascades. I painted my wounds dull to coordinate hers; I wished my prefrontal cortex away with the goal that I could live as wildly as she did. She broke her arm. No second thoughts, no conciliatory sentiments. She simply fell the incorrect way, they said. (Fell the incorrect way?! It could have been her head!) I was her beneficiary clear; I needed to fly her tricks precisely. I did, still, small voice shouting, and we completed the season well. She endorsed of my accomplishments, both gladdening and alarming me. It wasn’t until half a month into the following season, when new ability implied new tricks, that I completely acknowledged the amount I was jeopardizing moving, my first love (all the more significantly, an affection that never attempted to kill me.) Though the group would do fine without me, I couldn’t desert them since I dreaded for my security. No, I required a genuine break, so I joined up with the most authentic thing I could be admitted to: an expert level artful dance program. Why the popular Nutmeg Conservatory let a half-jazz artist through their entryways I’ll never know. Be that as it may, I was there, and I was prepared, albeit two days and two wounded toes later I was quite off-pointe. I proceeded, however, in level shoes, getting looks at the genuine ballet dancers in the mirrors. They were unsurprising, however impossible to miss, each caught in their propensities, their little sins. Katy-Sue was thoughtlessly enamored with a kid she’d left in Russia. Jacqueline’s scholarly quality was math: chicken had 231 calories, with sauce 312, cheddar 344. She picked just lettuce, with 8. Melina was gradually going crazy. I accused the way that the musician just played melodies from The Sound of Music; Julie Andrews was in my bad dreams as well. Bridget was farther gone. She had removed, stony eyes and she moved accurately, impeccably, consistently with a dull glower. We as a whole endured on account of Eleanor, ballet dancer professional in her day, and perhaps the maddest of all of us. The entirety of the artists were intriguing, however I clung tight to The Sound of Music. It was recognizable, ever-present, my Virgil. Of late I’ve quit bobbing between limits. The center way is similarly energetic and better for my wellbeing. I keep on learning, however, from those tornado years. Despite the fact that I still can't seem to characterize magnificence, my stylish tastes have widened from exclusively desserts to sours, sharp flavoring, and salts, richening my human experience. En route, I’ve discovered incredible comfort in each new dream. I live now abundantly and cleverly, faculties open to the unending structures life’s magnificence takes.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The American industrial revolution essay

The American modern unrest article The American modern unrest article The American modern unrest essayThe progressive nature of the last quarter of the nineteenth century affected Native Americans, Immigrants and Farmers. In his discourse, William Jennings Bryan set accentuation on the financial improvement of the nation, just as on the business interests of the country. He assessed the Gold Standard as a significant monetary request (Bryan, W. J. (1896, July 8). It is realized that the utilization of the Gold Standard in the nation’s cash happened in the late19-th century.The most progressive social and monetary improvements of the last quarter of the nineteenth century incorporate the American Civil War (1861-1865), the development of the U.S. mechanical force, the development of new advancements (exchangeable parts, the utilization of sequential construction system, the creation of the gas motor, and so on.), extension of residential and outside business sectors, transportation framework (the structure of railways), change of farming segments (sharecropping framework), and so on. (Bowles, 2011). In Hawksworth’s The American modern upheaval, there is a lot of significant data on the impacts of the progressive social and financial advancements on individuals in the United States.Different gatherings of Americans reacted to those progressions in various manners. Local Americans experienced the extension of their domains. They were evacuated to reservations. For Immigrants, the last quarter of the nineteenth century was a time of adjustment. The rush of movement from Ireland, Italy and numerous different nations prompted changing social setting. Numerous Immigrants confronted segregation in view of their strict convictions. For instance, â€Å"Catholicism and Judaism were unfamiliar to the basically Protestant Americans† (Gabbidon, 2010, p. 68). Furthermore, Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 precluded mass movement from Asian nations. Ranchers confronted the issue of unjustifiable costs or value segregation in the late 19-th century. The viability of their reactions was self-evident. Individuals challenged separation and disparities. Government assumed a significant job in these advancements in view of enactment, which restricted the privileges of Native Americans, Immigrants and Farmers.

Sunday, July 26, 2020

Idea Generation Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking

Idea Generation Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence.On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as competing or conflicting processes. While divergent thinking was considered to be good, its counterpart was seen as either bad or a necessarily evil considerably exaggerated in business and schools. Having said that, an important development in recent years is the increasing acceptance of the fact that real creative production needs both divergent thinking and convergent thinking, and not just the former. © Shutterstock.com | Rawpixel.comFrom this article, you’ll learn 1) what is divergent thinking? 2) what is convergent thinking? and so 3) which is better? divergent vs. convergent thinking for idea generation.WHAT IS DIVERGENT  THINKING?The term “divergent thinking” refers to that strategy of solving problems characterized by the proposal of a multiplicity of possible solutions in an attempt to determine the one that works. It usually happens in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner, where multiple creative ideas are engendered and evaluated. A manifold number of potential solutions are studied in a brief span of time, and unconventional connections may be drawn. Once the stage of divergent thinking is complete, information and ideas are structured and organized using convergent thinking. Brainstorming and free writing are two processes that involve divergent thinking. © Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied NomadologyDivergence is typically signified by the capacity to produce many, or a greater number of complicated or complex ideas from a single idea or simple triggers or ideas. It calls for making unexpected combinations, changing information into unanticipated forms, identifying connections among remote associates, and the like. In divergent thinking, a single question returns multiple answers, and though the answers vary considerably depending on the person, all answers are of equal value. Perhaps they did not exist ever before and so are novel, surprising or unusual. At times, this is true purely for the specific setting or in the experience of the person responsible for the variability in question. However, it may also be the case in an absolute sense.Described below are eight elements of divergent thinking:Complexity â€" The capacity to conceptualize difficult, multifaceted, many layered or intricate products or ideas;Curiosity â€" The person ality characteristic of displaying probing behaviors, searching, asking questions, learning to get more knowledge/information about something, and of being able to go deeper into ideas;Elaboration â€" The skill of adding to, building off of or embellishing a product or an idea;Flexibility â€" The capability of creating varied perceptions or categories wherefrom come a range of different ideas pertaining to the same thing or problem;Fluency â€" The skill of engendering many ideas so as to have an increase in the number of potential solutions or associated products;Imagination â€" The capability of dreaming up, inventing, or to think, to see, to conceptualize novel products or ideas, to be original;Originality â€" The skill of coming up with fresh, unusual, unique, extremely different or completely new products or ideas;Risktaking â€" The readiness to be courageous, daring, adventuresome â€" take risks or experiment with new things so as to stand apart.Divergent thinking has been dete cted in people with personality characteristics such as these â€" curiosity, nonconformity, persistence and readiness to take risks.Bubble mapping, creating artwork, maintaining a journal, subject mapping, devoting some time to meditation and thinking, and building lists of questions are all examples of activities that trigger divergent thinking.What follows is an extreme example of divergent thinking. Twitter developed an online service that did not have any obvious practical application. The social media platform then initiated it to find out how people used the application so that based on the findings, the application could be refined. Though launching something and finding out what the market for it is only after the launch doesn’t have to be a bullet-proof strategy (most cases it’s not), this seemed to be the case for Twitter.WHAT IS CONVERGENT THINKING?Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique involving the bringing together different ideas from different partici pants or fields to determine a single best solution to a lucidly defined problem. In other words, this is a kind of thinking that concentrates on finding out the single best or frequently, correct solution to a problem or answer to a question. The credit for coining the term “convergent thinking” goes to Joy Paul Guilford. He came up with the term as an opposite term to “divergent thinking.” The focus for this thinking strategy is speed, logic and accuracy and on identifying the known, reapplying techniques, and amassing stored information. This strategy is best suited for situations characterized by a readily available answer that just has to be worked out or recalled by way of decision-making strategies. A vital facet of convergent thinking is that it culminates in one best answer, meaning there is no chance for ambiguity. You either have a right answer or a wrong one. This type of thinking is also associated with knowledge (one of the key facets of creativity) as it entai ls using existing knowledge by way of standard procedures. © Wikimedia commons | Msingh209Standard IQ tests measure convergent thinking. Logic thought flow, pattern recognition, the capacity to solve problems and testing knowledge can all be evaluated and graded in these tests. Standardized multiple choice questions are also an example of testing convergent thinking. One example of such a question would be:Who proposed the Theory of Relativity?a. Rutherford         c. Keplingb. Einstein                   d. Max PlanckThe majority of school tasks also call for convergent thinking.DIVERGENT VS. CONVERGENT THINKINGGiven below is a comparison of the two thinking styles with the factors of comparison being mood, creative ability, intellectual ability, brain activity, personality and sleep deprivation.Mood Research shows that gearing up for a creative thinking job can bring on mood swings determined by the kind of thinking utilized for the task. As per the research, convergent and divergent thinking affect mood in converse ways. While the former triggered a negative mood, the latter triggered the exact opposite â€" a positive mood.Creative Ability â€" Creative ability was gauged in a study having both divergent and convergent tasks. In the case of the divergent tasks, though taken as a group, all the tasks showed a connection, they were not significant when studied between conditions.With respect to the convergent tasks, two kinds were used. The first were remote associates tasks, which provided the subject with three words and asked the subject what word the three given words are connected to. The second kind were insight problems, which provided the subjects with certain contextual facts and posed a question to them that called for shedding light on.The convergent thinkers accurately solved a greater number of the five remote associates problems compared to their counterpart divergent thinkers. This was shown to be considerably dissimilar by a one-way ANOVA. What’s more, when answering to insight problems, those who en gaged in convergent thinking solved a greater number of insight problems compared to the control group. Nonetheless, no considerable difference was observed between subjects engaging in divergent thinking and convergent thinking.Intellectual ability â€" A sequence of standard intelligence tests was utilized to measure the divergent and convergent thinking capacities of adolescents. Outcomes from the tests showed that subjects who were categorized as considerably divergent thinkers had considerably higher reading and word fluency scores compared to subjects who were categorized to be low on divergent thinking. In addition, the considerably divergent thinkers were revealed as having higher penetration and anxiety scores. On the other hand, subjects categorized in the considerably convergent thinkers groups were revealed to have higher average grades for the previous school year and less of a problem doing their homework which signifies that their parents pushed them in the direction o f post-secondary education.Brain activity â€" Alterations in brain activity were assessed in subjects in the course of both divergent and convergent thinking. To achieve this, researchers analyzed the electroencephalography (EEG) patterns of participants in the course of divergent and convergent thinking. The alterations in brain activity, as they appeared in the EEG, were different for the two kinds of thinking. In contrast to a resting control group, both divergent and convergent thinkers produced considerable Alpha 1, 2 desynchronization. While divergent thinking caused amplitude reductions in the cortex’s caudal regions in the Theta 1 and 2 bands, convergent thinking caused coherence boosts in the Theta 1 band that was more right-sided and caudal. The considerable soaring of coherence and amplitude signifies a close iteration between both brain hemispheres.Personality â€" Personality correlates pertaining to convergent and divergent thinking were studied. Results show that two personality characteristics namely Extraversion and Openness were seen to make possible divergent thinking. Openness analyzes intellectual curiosity, artistic interest, originality, liberal attitudes, and imagination. No personality characteristics were found to be associated with convergent thinking. This implies that all people irrespective of their personality engage in the convergent manner of thinking.Sleep deprivation â€" A 1988 study by J.A. Horne revealed that even a single night of sleep deprivation can cause significant impairment to divergent thinking. On the other hand, people engaged in convergent thinking tasks were seen to be more pliant with respect to short-term sleep loss.Convergent and divergent thinking are similar in that both thinking strategies are used to determine solutions to problems. Not just that but both strategies are directed at determining the best solutions. It is frequently seen that problems are solved through a blend of convergent and divergent thinking.Divergent thinking brings out the best outcomes when it is used for open-ended problems that enable creativity. Convergent thinking is ideally suited for situations where there exists one best correct answer and it is feasible to determine the answer by way of evaluation of available stored information. In addition, though it doesn’t look the case, convergent thinking also contributes to idea generation. However, owing to the fact that the focus of divergent thinking is ideas rather than process, any solution determined as a result of divergent thinking, frequently needs convergent thinking to convert it into a practicable to-do-list.Moving to everyday life, here’s an example of convergent and divergent thinking in practice.It is true that withstanding the earth’s gravity to travel in space has been a dream that existed ever since women and men first cast their eyes on the stars. However, it was only in the mid-20th century that there was actually technology available to make the dream a reality.October 14th, 1957 is an important day in history. It was on this day that the Russians launched Sputnik into space, thereby initiating the space race. The success of the Russians in technology came as a bolt to the United States. In response, the country set up the National Aeronautics and Space Administration a year later.In the first half of the 1960s, the then President John F. Kennedy sent letters to Wernher von Braun and other key persons in the aerospace industry. He wanted to know how the U.S. could defeat Russia in the space race. It was only after receiving expert advice pertaining to the matter that the president made his famous speech where he promised to get a man transported to the moon and also ensure his safe return, by the close of the decade. That speech assisted with rousing nearly 400,000 NASA staff and contractors to join hands as a cohesive team and achieve one of the best events of history in under a decade.Kennedy utilized data an d facts to find out how the U.S. could defeat the Russians in the space conquest. That was an example of chiefly convergent thinking. The achievement of this remarkable feat called for the making of a lot of new technologies to design and manufacture the rockets, lunar modules, spacesuits and other necessary equipment. This required a considerable amount of divergent thinking.ExamplesHere are two more examples that make the comparison between divergent thinking and convergent thinking clear.Divergent thinking: Mr. A’s home is at a distance of five miles from work. His Chevrolet gets 30 MPG. However, he wishes to expend less fuel in his travel for both monetary and conservation-associated reasons. Money is not an issue. What choices does he have to cut his fuel consumption?Convergent thinking: Mr. A’s home is at a distance of five miles from work. His Chevrolet gets 30 MPG. However, he wishes to expend less fuel in his travel for both monetary and conservation-associated reasons. Money is not an issue. Which three vehicles are the best replacements for his car?Both examples would result in important outcomes. The trigger for the convergent example could be some other problem â€" maybe his car was totaled, and he only had a weekend to find an answer to the problem. More time may be required to investigate the divergent example. However, it could still be possible to find an option that is entirely different from what the user asked â€" like devise a vehicle that runs off of air, or start a new business from home.Image credit:  Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology under Attribution 2.0 Generic, Wikimedia commons | Msingh209 under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License.

Friday, May 8, 2020

Moral Decline in the United States Essay - 1526 Words

Many people try to argue that there is not a moral decline going on. I have heard things such as, â€Å"the ratio of moral people and unmoral people is the same as fifty years ago; as the population grows the amount of moral and unmoral people grow too.† And what about â€Å"life around us is changing, we just have different priorties and values which determine our morals.† Everyone has their own idea of morality, what’s right and wrong and what is causing this moral decline, if there even is one. I believe there is a moral decline in our country and 74 percent of Americans agree with me according to the Cultural and Media Institute. Not only do people feel it is a decline, but the Public Agenda Survey reported that 61 percent of adults are†¦show more content†¦Why has extreme poverty in the US reached its highest point in at least three decades (McClatchy Newspapers, Feb. 22) Why is suicide the third-leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-olds (accor ding to the CDC)? Our country has fallen away from Jesus Christ. The foundation on which we were built has been destroyed, leaving us with a broken house. This nation is not living under God. The Bible, in which should determine our values and thus morals has been ignored making our nation morally corrupt. As we continue to let others, such as our peers and the media, determine our self-worth, social status, priorties, and boundries they will continue to direct us in the ways immorality. We need to start thinking for our selves and getting back to basics. As a Christian what I have observed in my school and in my generation is that youth do not understand what it is to be a Christian and disciple of Christ. There are those who do not have a personal relationship with Christ nor understand what being a true Christian. Then there are those who claim to be Christians but continue to live their lives with the rest of the world. And at last those who have truly dedicated their lives to C hrist and have a personal relationship with Him. In 2008 I started my own organization to encourage teens to have a daily prayer life and personal relationship with Christ. I saw this need in my school and I decided to do something about it. The scripture that I use for my organizationShow MoreRelatedThe Effect Of Decaying Morality On Society934 Words   |  4 Pagesbelieve that morality is declining in our society, and its decline has a negative effect on society. Does the passing of time change morality or will society change with the passing of time? We can seek the answer to that question by exploring different aspects of our society to determine if a decline of morality has any negative effect on our society. Specifically, does the decline of morality have an effect on crime rates, laws, and the decline of a nation? To begin with, there are several studiesRead MoreMorality And Its Effect On Society855 Words   |  4 Pagesbelieve that morality is declining in our society, and its decline has a negative effect on society. Does the passing of time change morality or will society change with the passing of time? We can seek the answer to that question by exploring different aspects of our society to determine if a decline of morality has any negative effect on our society. Specifically, does the decline of morality have an effect on crime rates, laws, and the decline of a nation. To begin with, there are several studiesRead MoreEssay on The Moral Decline1123 Words   |  5 Pagesour society in a state of moral decline? To answer this question we have to define the word â€Å"moral† first. In Merriam-Webster dictionary the definition of the word moral is â€Å"Concerning or relating to what is right and wrong in human behavior.† From this definition we can understand that a moral decline is a decline in knowing the different between right or wrong. In another word our moral is like a guide for every choice we make in our life. Therefore anything could affect our moral reasoning wouldRead MoreWhy Did The United States Come To An End794 Words   |  4 PagesAll through history every major empire has come to an end at some point, showing that the United State will come to an end at some time. It is shown that every empire has a great period of time filled with outstanding peace, prosperity, inventions, and architecture, but all good things must c ome to an end, and throughout time empires end with corruption, violence, and destruction. Most empires fell due to invasion, lack of advancing, or the empire got too big. For example, the Incans fell becauseRead MoreThe Main Reason For Collapsing Of Roman Empire And America843 Words   |  4 PagesMoreover, moral decline was the main reason for collapsing of Roman Emperor; America suffered the decline of moral value for a long time. In 2015, the decline of the moral is most considerable issue for America because the rate of single-parent families is rising and the greed in the corporations or organizations is increased as the same as Rome. Like the moral value decline in Rome was caused by the fall of father role in the families, America have been suffering from the moral decline because ofRead MoreEssay on Ancient Rome and United States Morals and Values737 Words   |  3 PagesThe United States has had an immense decline in morals and values, as well as in public health. Not only that, but it is competing with alarmingly high unemployment, much like ancient Rome was. The United States is defiantly not as stable as it may seem. As a result, it will fall. The decline in moral values in ancient Rome was much like the Unites States today. Crimes made the streets extremely unsafe and gladiator fights were exceedingly popular. This isn’t much different from what we see todayRead MoreSecularization in the United States: The Battle of Scientific Method vs. Religious Practice893 Words   |  4 PagesThe United States is commonly thought to be on an inevitable march towards secularization. Scientific thought and the failure of the enlightenment to reconcile the concept of god within a scientific framework are commonly thought to have created the antithesis of religious practice in the rise of the scientific method. However, the rise of doubt and the perception that secularization is increasing over time has in actuality caused an increase in religious practice in the United States through episodicRead MoreEssay on Prayer in Public Schools1051 Words   |  5 Pagesthe beginning of each school day based on many reasons. Prayer based on moral beliefs reinforce good citizenship as defined by our forefathers. A daily reminder of a need for the belief of good over evil is a necessary part of this society. Daily voluntary school prayer should be re-instated in public schools due to three reasons, the historical basis of the beginning of the United States government, the serious moral decline since prayer has been outlawed, and the government infringement on the constitutionalRead MoreWhy We Should Put Prayer871 Words   |  4 Pagesincludes prayer. â€Å"On June 25, 1962, the United States Supreme Court decided in Engel v. Vitale that a prayer approved by the New York Board of Regents for use in schools violated the First Amendment because it represented establishment of religion. In 1963, in Abington School District v. Schempp, the court decided against Bible readings in public schools along the same lines.† (Starr, Education Expert: Removing Bible, Prayer from Public Schools Has Caused Decline) Since gover nment involvement in takingRead MoreEssay on Implications of Teenage Pregnancy in the United States1457 Words   |  6 Pagespercent of Unite State teenagers between the ages of 15 and 19 become pregnant every year. And even though some studies have shown that the incidence of teenage pregnancy has generally been in decline since 1991, the causes and effects of underage childbearing has continued to be a big burden on families, the public and government. Babies having babies is the simplistic way that some people have described the specter of having a baby while teenager are unprepared. The United State case study which

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, A Story of a Little Girl, Mary Frances Nolan Free Essays

Betty Smith isn’t well known for her many works, but the one book that almost everyone has heard about, is A Tree Grows in Brooklyn. In this novel she shows herself to be an author of great depth and knowledge; she gives us a peek into the complex human soul. This book gives great insight into life; it shows why many people strive to become someone better and how some people are able to move up to a better station in life even though there are tremendous odds and A Tree Grows in Brooklyn touches everyone’s’ hearts. We will write a custom essay sample on A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, A Story of a Little Girl, Mary Frances Nolan or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is about a little girl, Mary Frances Nolan (also known as Francie), growing up in the poorer part f Brooklyn with a drunken, singing waiter for a father. This father somehow always makes her feel so special and â€Å"normal†. She lives with her severely realistic mother, her father, and a brother(Neeley) who is privileged as the â€Å"favorite child†. Francie is treated poorly throughout school because she is so different and independent. Francie always kept to herself and was the silent studious type, which deepened the division between herself and the other of the At a very young age Francie learned how important money is as well as the division in society caused by money as well as education. Because of this division and Neeley’s favoritism, Francie becomes the sole provider for the family after the her father’s death. She goes to work straight after graduation from grade school and never gets to have the pleasure and luxury of a high school diploma, but that doesn’t stop her from her dreams. Her dreams of moving up in the world, to a place were you don’t have to worry about where your next meal comes from; a place where money doesn’t necessarily make you rich. This may sound like a ridicules dream considering that today a high school diploma is mandatory for veryone. At this point in time; however, very few people, without wealth, were able to get a higher education or even be able to go to high school. Yet nothing can stop Francie from completing her dream. This wonderful book cuts right to the heart of life. It show the true American dream; the dream of higher education and a better and equal way of life for everyone. The novel tells this dream through one special girl who realizes that she can be and do better. If you don’t read A Tree Grows in Brooklyn you will be denying yourself a rich experience of the true American dream. How to cite A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, A Story of a Little Girl, Mary Frances Nolan, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Puritanism Essays (715 words) - Christian Philosophy,

Puritanism Puritanism Sinner's In the Hands of an Angry God Jonathon Edwards Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th century which sought to purify the Church of England, Anglican Church. Puritans became noted for a spirit of moral and religious pledge that determined their whole way of life, and they sought through church reform to make their lifestyle the pattern for the whole nation. Their efforts to transform the nation led to a civil war in England, and to the founding of the colonies in America as working models of the Puritan way of life. The excerpt from Jonathon Edwards' sermon Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, is an example on how Puritans followed their religion. Jonathon Edwards' work describes how God hated Puritans for their sins; which led the Puritans to feel guilty for their sins. With the wrath of God and the guilt man felt, the damnation and salvation principal became the focus of Puritanism. The Puritans religion had the belief that they were sinners, and that God hated them for their sins. According to Jonathon Edwards, God hates man? 'Tis true that judgement against your evil work has not been executed? (Edwards 41). He used evil work as a metaphor for sins. Bremmer's article Puritanism, its Essence and Attraction describes God's creation of man, man's fall from his grace, and how we became sinners. Man was part of God's creation and was made in the image of God. The relationship between God and the first man Adam was described as a covenantal bond. In the words of the Puritan West - minister Confession, 'life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity, upon condition of perfect and personal obedience.' But 'our first parents' violated this covenant? (Bremmer 20). Since our first parents violated this covenant, they fell from their original righteousness and communion with God, and so became dead in their sin. The effects from this original sin were born by all men thereafter. Since the Puritans believed that we were all sinners, the Preachers often utilized the concepts of the wrath of God and guilt in their sermons. God was so angry with man that his wrath was great. Edwards in his sermon described God's wrath in terms of metaphors. His wrath was so vengeful that he described floodwaters being held by a dam. It was God's will that the dam did not break, and wipe man out. Puritans spoke frequently in his benevolence (Bremmer 20). God had ill will toward man, and only salvaged a few and left the rest for damnation. Man after the fall was by nature sinful, and for sinning against God man deserves damnation. This was a central belief of Puritanism. Every man was in the hands of an angry God. Thus are all you that never passed under a great change of heart by the mighty power of the Spirit of God upon your souls; ? 'tis nothing but his mere pleasure that keeps you from being this movement swallowed up in everlasting destruction (Edwards 42). At the time God created Adam, man's salvation depended on his own actions. God pledged happiness to Adam in return for man's absolute obedience to the will of God. The Covenant of Works exemplifies this concept in Puritanism. In the fall, man broke the covenant, and lost his opportunity to be salvaged. The consequences of man's sin could only be reversed through divine action. God provided the release by the Covenant of Redemption. ? the agreement whereby the Father compacted with the Son to provide the salvation of some men and women through Christ's sacrific e (Bremmer 21). This superficial order for the sins of mankind made possible individual redemption through the Covenant of Grace. Once man reached this Covenant, believing in God could redeem him. The excerpt from Jonathon Edward's sermon, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, focused on Puritanism theology. He addressed the issues of man as a sinner, God's hate of sinners - wrath of God. Throughout the sermon he addressed the damnation of man, the process of salvation and redemption. He hammered at his congregation using guilt and fear for their souls. Thus Edwards' sermon incorporated